Supporting a Person With Celiac Disease

Written by Phebe Rossi on

 

beautifully gluten free logo

Celiac Disease is an autoimmune disease that can only be treated by adhering to a strict 100% gluten free diet. The support and care from family and friends is a critically important factor in successfully navigating and managing Celiac Disease. The following suggestions will help you to better support and/or care for the person in your life who has Celiac Disease. 

What is Celiac Disease?

Celiac Disease is a genetic autoimmune disease that affects about 1% of the American population. The only treatment for Celiac Disease is a strict 100% gluten free diet and lifestyle. Gluten is a protein in wheat, barley, rye and triticale (a cross between wheat and rye) that can be found naturally in food, added to processed food and in personal care products. When gluten is ingested in a person with Celiac Disease, it triggers an immune response in which the body attacks the lining of the small intestine. There are more than 200 different symptom presentations; they can be immediate, gradual, severe, or silent. 


A Few Celiac Disease Symptoms

diarrhea

vomiting

bloating

constipation

gas

depression

skin disorders

fatigue

headaches

nausea

joint pain

anemia

mouth sores

dental defects

slow growth


Continued exposure to gluten in persons with Celiac Disease (even silent/asymptomatic Celiac), causes intestinal damage that can lead to other health complications, such as failure to thrive in children, chronic inflammation, gastrointestinal issues, malnourishment, infertility in both men and women, neurological issues, mental conditions, increased chance for certain cancers, and a number of other autoimmune diseases.


Even after symptoms are relieved and the lining of the small intestines has healed, a person with Celiac Disease must continue following a strict 100% gluten free diet, gluten can never be re-introduced. It is recommended that all immediate family members get tested and watch for Celiac Disease as there is a 1 in 10 chance that another member of the family also has or will develop Celiac Disease.

Create Space in the Kitchen

A person with Celiac Disease will need clearly defined and dedicated spaces in the kitchen for food and cooking equipment. A few kitchen tools can NOT be shared with gluten containing foods and will need to be replaced with a new and, ideally, different colored version. Purchasing new equipment in different colors is a great way to help remind everyone which tools are for gluten free cooking; decreasing the chance of accidentally using them when preparing gluten containing foods. 

Some of this new equipment should include:


cutting boards

toasters

baking pans

sponges / rags

grooved pans

cast iron pans

non-stick pans

colanders / strainers

wooden utensils

plastic storage containers

sifters

plastic spatulas

rolling pins


Any food or condiment that is served or spread with utensils that come in contact with gluten containing foods can NOT be shared (for example: condiments in jars, humus and/or butter). Possible solutions would be to use squeeze bottles or clearly label separate gluten free containers.


Gluten free food and cooking equipment should be stored above or entirely separate from gluten containing food and equipment, especially baking ingredients. Most dishware, metal utensils and glasses, that can be washed in the dishwasher and not by hand, can be shared.

Maintaining a Gluten Free Diet Outside the Home

It takes a very small amount of gluten, actually just a crumb, to damage the lining of the small intestines and trigger a negative reaction, even in people with silent/asymptomatic Celiac Disease. As a result, one of the most challenging aspects of living with Celiac Disease is eating outside the home as there are very few options that are 100% gluten free. People with Celiac Disease need to be very clear when communicating their gluten free needs with restaurant and food service providers. Unfortunately, because of cross contact with gluten in shared kitchens, many restaurants and food service providers aren’t able to safely provide food to someone with Celiac Disease. 


Cross-contact occurs when something that is otherwise gluten free comes into contact with something that has been exposed to gluten, which results in the gluten free item becoming unsafe for a person with Celiac Disease to consume.

Cross-contact cannot be fixed by simply removing the gluten containing item or adjusting cooking methods. The food, dishes and utensils with which it was served need to be replaced.

Emotional Support

Living with Celiac Disease is hard. While there is a lot going on inside the body, it can seem, from the outside, that the person is fine; but they might not be. A lot of the symptoms, when gluten has been ingested, cause internal discomfort with no outward or public expression: fatigue, joint pain, headaches, bloating, brain fog, depression, anxiety, diarrhea, and/or constipation. One of the most frequent complaints from the Celiac community is that their friends and family don’t believe that they are suffering and feel negatively judged about the need to follow such a strict diet.


Not being able to fully participate in food related events and activities, to “miss out,” to be different and draw attention to oneself because of needing to bring their own food or when ordering at a restaurant is challenging and brings up a lot of different emotions. That person may or may not want to share those feelings; give them that space and also be there to listen and believe them without judgement if they do share how they are feeling. Making comments about needing to bring their own food or about the way they order aren’t helpful. If you know about your family member or friend’s gluten free needs, there’s no need to talk about these situations; let them do what they need to do to maintain their health. If you are just learning about someone’s Celiac Disease and gluten free needs, approach the conversation with curiosity.


When food and eating cause pain and illness, feelings of distrust and anxiety are quick to follow; which are compounded when those around them don’t believe that “just a crumb” will cause harm. If a person with Celiac Disease does not accept food prepared in other people’s kitchens; they are not being rude they are protecting their health. They have very few places, outside their home, where they can relax and trust what they put in their body.


These emotional stressors may cause individuals to skip events and isolate themselves; which can lead to and/or exacerbate depression and anxiety. It cannot be said enough, supporting, trying to understand, and not being judgmental goes a long way with individuals who are navigating their Celiac Disease and gluten free life.

Celebrate and Try Something New

Individuals and families with Celiac Disease know that there is a lot of bad gluten free food, both in the store and in restaurants. They also know where and what the good gluten free food is; let them share it with you. Whether that is going out to their favorite restaurant or bakery, inviting you to their house to cook for you or trying what they bring to your house. 


Be open and have a great time. In the end it is the connection and relationship, not the food, that is the most important.


If you or someone you know would like more medical information about Celiac Disease, reach out to your medical provider. Screening for Celiac Disease begins with a simple blood test. Make sure that gluten has NOT been removed from your diet before the blood test; gluten must be present in your diet for accurate screening.

If you or someone you know would like more information about living gluten free, living with Celiac Disease, or supporting someone you love, please reach out to Beautifully Gluten Free.

Beautifully Gluten Free is a Celiac Disease and gluten free resource that helps support individuals and families to live their best gluten free life. 

Beautifully Gluten Free was started by and run by Anne Moon, a mom who has been living and learning about Celiac Disease and the gluten free life since her daughter’s Celiac Disease diagnosis 10.5 years ago.

Anne understands the challenges and work that comes with successfully managing and treating Celiac Disease. Anne also understands the emotional impact on, not only the individual with Celiac Disease, but friends and family as well. 

anne moon beautifully gluten free




← Older Post Newer Post →

x